Trichoglottis (Trgl)

Trichoglottis Brachiata Sp.

Trichoglottis Brachiata

In this  genus contains about 60 species found mostly in Southeast Asia (Indochina, Indonesia, Philippines, etc.) with a few species in China, the Indian Subcontinent, and various islands of the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
All the Trichoglottis grow well either in a bushhouse or outdoors, with broken sunlight and protection from direct hot sunlight. The climbers need something to clamber up, and can be kept manageable by cutting tops and replanting at the base of the support for a specimen clump.

Temperature :-   Warm to intermediate.
Light:- no direct sun.
Humidity:- even moisture and high humidity. Constant air movement is also important.

Trichovanda Thai Velvet 'Meechai'

Trichovanda Thai Velvet ‘Meechai’

                                          (cross of Trichoglottis brachiata x Vanda Kinzweiler)

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Bulbophyllum phalaenopsis


Bulbophyllum phalaenopsis

Bulbophyllum phalaenopsis, a rare species has very wide Phalaenopsis-like leaves. The flowers are very unusual in that they are carrion scented and smell of rotting flesh. Fortunately you have to get fairly close to the flowers to catch the scent. This orchid is easy to grow and would be treated as a phalaenopsis for culture.

Low to medium as for Phalaenopsis. Bright diffused light is best. Too much light will cause an intense reddening of the foliage.

50% or higher is ideal.

Do not allow it to become completely dry between watering.


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Catasetinae and Catasetum

Catasetinae is a group, consisting mainly of the Catasetum,Clowesia, Cycnoches, Mormodes and their hybrids

These grow rapidly during the summer months requiring copious amounts of water and fertilizer to fatten the pseudobulbs and then go into a deep winter sleep when they can be largely ignored. Catasetums and Clowesias are the most easily grown of all the Catasetinae and Mormodes the toughest one.


Ctsm pileatum

Ctsm pileatum

It is believed there are over 170 species of Catasetums, with perhaps two
dozen species commonly used in hybridizing. They come in a variety of colors, sizes and


clowesia russellianum

clowesia russellianum

There are differences in the growth and blooming habits of Catasetums and
Clowesias. Clowesias are strong growers that are very resistant to rot. They tend to have
shorter pseudobulbs that grow closely together in clumps. There are two general types of Clowesias although they are not separated into different sections. We’ll call them the large and small flowered varieties.




The Swan Orchids are beautiful although more temperamental in their growth
habit. When well grown, the tall pseudobulb produces a cascade of swanlike flowers from the middle to upper portion of the new growth. They may flower twice, once in the fall after the growth matures and still carries its leaves and once in the winter on a leafless bulbs. Similar to Catasetums, Cycnoches flowers can be either male or female. Some only have subtle differences between the two flower types


Mo Jumbo World

Mo Jumbo World

The species have a reputation for being more difficult to grow, presumably
because duplicating the environmental conditions under which they grow is more challenging. The Mormodes hybrids may be easier to grow When Mormodes is combined with Clowesia, the easy growing Mormodia is created. The vast majority of the Mormodias have been made with the small flowered Clowesias.


Clowesetum :-Catasetum x Clowesia
Catanoches :-Catasetums x Cycnoches
Clowenoches :-Catasetums x Clowesia
Mormodia :- Mormodes x Clowesia.
Catamodes :- Catasetum x Mormodes
Cycnodes :-Cycnoches x Mormodes. I
Complex Intergenerics.

Fredclarkeara Catasetum x Clowesia x Mormodes) Example black orchid or Fdk. After Dark.
Cloughara:- Catasetum x Clowesia x Cycnoches
Cyclodes :-Clowesia x Cycnoches x Mormodes
Monnierara:- Catasetum x Cycnoches x Mormodes
Georgecarrara:- Catasetum x Clowesia x Cycnoches x Mormodes

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Lycaste Orchid


Lycaste orchid  flowers

The Lycaste Orchid is native to the tropical regions of Central and South America. It is also the national flower of Guatemala with its stunning beauty and vivid colors.

In total there are around 30 different species of Lycaste Orchid. There is a level of diversity as the Lycaste Orchids are split into four different subgroups. Generally we can say two groups deciduous and Evergreen

The main difference is the way in which they behave during the dormant period during winter. The deciduous plants lose their leaves and regain them every season. the strongly deciduous, yellow-flowered species like Lycaste aromatica that flowers from leafless pseudobulbs

while ever green keep theirs during dormancy.Evergreen types like Lycaste skinneri with pseudobulbs that retain their leaves at flowering.


Light requirements vary. Deciduous species require light conditions as for cattleyas — 2,000 to 4,000 foot-candles or 50 to 70 percent shade. More light is usually provided as new growths form pseudoulbs.

Evergreen species grow best with less light — 1,500 to 2,000 foot-candles or 60 to 80 percent shade.


Temperatures for the evergreen species should be fairly constant and never hot. Nights of 15 C and days of 24 to 27 C are desirable.

The deciduous species of lycaste can tolerate a wider range, up to 35 C during the day and down to 10 C at night when dormant in the winter.


Water should be applied freely during active growth (usually summer). The potting medium should begin to dry out between waterings. Deciduous species should be kept almost completely dry when leafless; evergreen species should be kept only slightly drier than normal after pseudobulbs form. Water should be kept off the leaves, and especially out of the new growths, to prevent rot or leaf spotting


Humidity should be maintained at 40 to 70 percent. Deciduous species need less humidity when dormant. Brisk air circulation will help prevent damage to leaves by leafspot fungi.


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Blue phalaenopsis


Blue Mystique Orchid

There are a few wild blue orchids, but they are rare, sometimes endangered, are more closely pale blue, purplish and pinkish.In nature, blue is not a usual bloom or foliage color. Plants tend to absorb blue light for the sake of their energy needs and don’t reflect it. Many plants recommended for blue coloration are really, lavender, purple, or pink.
The spectacular color is not developed in nature but rather results from a patented process for both the dye component and the growth parameters. The dye components and process have not been published for the do-it-yourselfer.

Unfortunately a deep blue orchid is only a temporary beauty. When grown as a plant in the home, it will revert to its original color on the next blooming cycle.
Florida-based Silver Vase Nursery presented its Blue Mystique at the Tropical Plant Industry Exhibition (TPIE) in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, in January. In May 2011, Dutch Geest Orchideen received the Flora Holland Award 2011 in the Concepts Category, for their Royal Blue phalaenopsis and its shade of blue which the jury considered to be delightful.
During the growth process, the stalk of a white phalaenopsis orchid is injected with a blue dye solution. The intervention is performed in an environment that keeps the infection risk for the plant at a minimum. The blue color is absorbed by the orchid and creates a blue flower.


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Catasetum Orchid

The Catasetum orchid genus has unisexual flowers, either male or female (they look different); which type appears is controlled by the lighting. If grown in low lighting like a Phalaenopsis, male flowers will appear; if grown in high lighting like a Cattleya they’ll have female flowers. The two flower types look different, so there will probably be one or the other that you’re looking for for the particular species you’re growing. (The male flowers are usually preferred, as they often have small, green, hooded female flowers.)


For this particular family of orchids, after blooming occurs the plant goes into a dormancy/resting period where the leaves WILL YELLOW and DROP. This is completely normal. This resting period allows the plant to conserving its energy for the next growing cycle. Watering should also be reducing during dormancy.
Which type of flower a plant produces is determined by the conditions under which it grows. Male and female flowers are markedly different in size and color. At first, taxonomists even thought they were dealing with different species, a puzzle which Charles Darwin resolved when writing Fertilisation of Orchids. There are rare cases in which a single plant in intermediate conditions will produce both male and female flowers.
Many of these species are known to germinate in ant nests high in the canopy and host ant colonies, which provide the plants with an abundant supply of nitrogen, and they also host ants in cultivation frequently. Most of these species are considered moderately difficult to maintain in cultivation without a greenhouse or wardian case and some of them defy cultivation. Most of them cannot tolerate dryness and some of them have very specific temperature requirements. Some of these species are ant plants and attract ant colonies and can become a nuisance in cultivation.


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Coelogyne Rochussenii

coelogyne Rochussenii

Coelogyne (necklace orchids)

Coelogyne is a genus of over 200 sympodial epiphytes from the family Orchidaceae, distributed across India, China, Indonesia and the Fiji islands, The genus is abbreviated Coel in trade journals.
The wide distribution of this genus has resulted in a wide variety of temperature variation from species to species, some requiring cool to cold conditions to grow and bloom reliably, while others need decidedly warmer temperatures to achieve the same.

They have often a sweet scent, attracting different kinds of pollinators, such as bees, wasps and beetles.

A few species are commonly known as ‘necklace orchids’, because of their long, pendant, multi-flowered inflorescence.
Coelogynes could be divided to two big groups – so called “Cool” Coelogyne group and “Warm” Coelogyne group.
Cool Coelogynes:- come from mountain cloud forests of Himalayan, in nature they have warm but misty and cloudy summers and cool to cold but extremely sunny winters. Such Coelogynes such as large-flowered and extremely showy Coelogyne cristata, Coelogyne mooreana, Coelogyne mossiae, lovely Coelogyne fimbriata, Coelogyne nitida and Coelogyne corymbosa.
Warm Coelogyne group.:- They grow in much warmer biomes such as tropical rainforests, so they are more suitable for indoor growing because they do not need cold temperatures to grow and bloom. They are mostly epiphytes or lithophytes and occasionally terrestrials. Species such as Coelogyne speciosa, Coelogyne lawrenceana and Coelogyne salmonicolor with large single flowers, which have fancy lips need intermediate to warm temperatures, half shade to filtered bright light, moderate watering and fertilizers. Substrate should be epiphytic (medium bark) with some elements with high water capacity such as sphagnum moss. They have no definite dormancy period and simply need some reducing of watering after pseudobulbs had been formed.

coelogyne Rochussenii

Coelogyne rochussenii is a warm-growing, pendulous flowering orchid from low tropical areas of Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines.
It is really common in Singapore under cultivation and forms huge spectacular specimens with almost a curtain of pendulous spikes of flowers all around the pot.

Plants bloom throughout the year with forty 6.25 cm wide flowers. Flowers can be fragrant with the scent of lemon.It’s grown for its handsome evergreen foliage and for its long draping clusters of fragrant, pale lemon-yellow blooms.Clusters of 20 to 40 buff-yellow blooms are borne on long dangling stems that sprout from the bases of old pseudobulbs in winter. Each blossom has five lance-shaped “petals” and a central creamy-white lip. The lip is marked with several yellow ridges and two brown bands.
Plants are usually grown in baskets. Plant grows in intermediate to warm temperatures with partial shade ( bright indirect or filtered light ).
Water regularly through the year. Pot in a well drain medium.

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Seidenfadenia is a genus of from the orchid family

there is only one known species, Seidenfadenia mitrata ( sold in the orchid trade as Aerides mitrata. ), native to Thailand and to Myanmar

Temperature: Warm

Light: Bright conditions are best – grow with vandas.

Water-Humidity: Maintain even moisture and high humidity throughout the year, although drier conditions may be tolerated during cool winter months.

Potting: The pendant nature of these orchids is best suited to mounts or small teak baskets.

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Want to start an orchid growing hobby ?

Here we going to mention how to grow orchids in indian conditions as outdoor plants. Ex In Balcony or  under sunshade or on garden etc…

how orchids plants different from other flowering plants? ( There have ground orchids which can grow as normal plants in grounds. we are not going to that varieties.)

1) Water – When watering orchids, we need to remember the aerial root system, water is best applied with a spray or mist sprinkler system. Do not over-water them.

2) Moisture:- these plants love moisture not water

2) Light – Light requirements for orchids are variable from tropical heat to the cool jungle environment according to the species.

3) Nutrients – Foliar sprays are best applied during the cooler part of the day to allow more absorption. A water soluble formula fertiliser is recommended as it can be washed off and re-applied in two to three weeks. The best time to apply is during the active growing period. There are a lot of fertilisers for orchid growing in the market.

4)Potting mix – Orchids need a good water-retaining medium like charcoal, coconut husks, bracken sheet lining, tree fern bark or sphagnum moss. These offer the best aeration and do not retain too much water to cause root rot. Charcoal is also useful to absorb toxic substances.
So from which orchid species starts with this hobby?

we suggest dendrobium.

why dendrobium?

It is the cheapest orchid available and more tolerable for newbie or for our climate conditions. since watering, nutrients and potting mixture are generally same for all varieties. The difference is in shade/light conditions. these plants required 50% shade. No direct sunlight on noon time. either morning or evening direct sunlight is ok.

Growing locations


Dendrobium plants with flowers

Den plant

a dendrobium plant


Dendrobium small plants

you will get new plants these way also ( below )


Dendrobium care


Required 50% shade.
Dendrobium can tolerate full morning sun followed by an afternoon of shade.

Daily in the morning. which we do in our condition.  make sure medium is almost dry out between watering. Check the medium with your finger – if you feel moisture do not water.

When your orchid is blooming, fertilizer is not needed. we using Green care 30:10:10 (0.5mg/l) for small plants ( we used one times in a
week)  and Green Care – 13:27:27 ( 0.5mg/l )for big plants. one time in two week.

in very hot conditions it good to provide humidity by Humidity tray or by someother means.

Want to buy for trial ?


1)  small plants    These plants require  8 to 9 months to get first flowers. go for cheap one. rate is different  depends upon the variety.

2) Tagged plants  cost depend upon the variety and know what the flower will be

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Sphagnum moss


Long fibered sphagnum moss is on the left, and sphagnum peat moss is on the right

Sphagnum moss is different from sphagnum peat moss. Sphagnum peat moss is commonly used in the garden as a soil additive to increase drainage and aeration. Sphagnum moss is used in crafts and floral arrangements or as a liner for hanging planter baskets. Sphagnum moss may also be used in bog gardens because that is where the moss naturally grows.

Sporotrichosis is a fungal disease that has been associated with sphagnum moss. The disease occurs because of a fungus known as Sporothrix schenckii. The fungus enters broken skin and can cause tiny bumps and ulcers on the skin. In some cases, the fungus can infect other parts of the body if the fungus spores are inhaled. Sphagnum moss and other dried plant debris can act as a host to the fungus. Not every piece of sphagnum moss is infested. However, it is best to wear gloves and a mask when working with the moss if you use it to create a plant bog or living succulent wreath.
Water Absorption
Sphagnum moss absorbs and retains any water that comes within reach. Two problems occur when using the moss for growing plants. The first is that the soil stays too moist for the plant because the sphagnum moss retains the moisture for long periods. The second problem is that the moss could dry out the soil around the root system, because it has absorbed the water from that section of soil.

Environmental Concerns
According to Natural Life Magazine, peat bogs have a high acid content that acts as a natural preservative. The bogs act as an “irreplaceable record of climate, vegetation and human activity” that has preserved information for thousands of years, the magazine reports. The bogs where sphagnum moss is collected act as an ecosystem that are home to hundreds of species of plants and animals. The process of collecting the moss destroys these wetlands. This has a negative impact on the flora and fauna that live in the region. Sphagnum moss is not considered a renewable resource, so the damage to the bogs is permanent.

Alternatives to Sphagnum Moss
Several alternatives to sphagnum moss are available for growing plants. A popular one used for lining baskets is coir or shredded coconut husks. Other shredded materials that work well for planting include tree bark, straw, dried leaves or leaf compost. If you are using the moss to aerate the soil, consider using compost. Perlite works well for starting seeds and rooting cuttings. Look for products that are classified as byproducts, such as cocoa bean shells, as a safe alternative to sphagnum moss.

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