Brassia orchid is a beautiful, aromatic flower with long, slender “spider-leg” sepals. The upper petals are a light-yellow green and the lower sepals are creamy with a hint of rosy red. Maroon markings ring the blossoms and the lip, which is nearly translucent and resembles a pointy chin.The Brassia orchid is native to the wet forests of tropical Central andSouth America.
Masdevallia doesn’t even look like an orchid. Masdevallias resemble kites in flight. These orchids have very exaggerated sepals (the top central and the two bottom “petals”), so much so that the three parts merge together to form a tube with tail-like extensions.Masdevallias are cool-growing orchids naturally found in the high-elevation South American Andean cloud forests, with the highest concentration in Columbia, Ecuador and Peru.
Paphiopedilum orchids are the most commonly grown lady slipper orchids because they are more adaptable to cultivation than other kinds of ladyslippers.The 60 Paphiopedilum species are native to India, southern China, New Guinea and the Philippines.They can easily be grown at home, and each flower can provide you weeks, if not months, of enjoyment.
Zygopetalum orchids have long history, a Brazilian name Mackay gave an orchid to the famous orchid botanist, Sir William Hooker. Sir Hooker examined this unique new orchid and created a new genus for it: Zygopetalum. The first species of Zygopetalum orchids was named Zygopetalum mackayi in honor of that Brazilian gentleman. This genus derives its name from the Greek zygon (yoke) and petalon (petal), and is a perfect description of the growth at the base of the lip. These plants produce multiple blooms that can last for up to 8 weeks, and are often bred to be used as cut flowers.
Maxillaria orchids are well-known, but not necessarily popular. There are over 300 species in this genus, but not many are grown by orchid enthusiasts, because only a small portion of the species produces showy flowers. Those that do, produce single flowers on short spikes. Some of them are magnificently fragrant.Native to tropical America, this genus derives its name from the Latin word maxilla which means jawbone.Normally, the lip of these plants looks like an arched tongue and has three unremarkable lobes. The result is a blossom that slightly resembles a jawbone.
Vanilla comes from orchids.Vanilla flavoring is the product of the Vanilla orchid, scientific name Vanilla planifolia (Planifolia is Latin for “flat-leaved”).Vanilla orchids are vines with bright green, fleshy stems and leaves that grow singularly and alternately along the vine. Flowers grow in clusters of 12 to 20 buds, are usually about 6 inches long and yellow-green. The flowers bloom over the period of a month, and if pollinated, can potentially produce fruit (seed pods). The pods are harvested before fully ripe and then cured to create vanilla flavoring. The blooms only last one day; opening in the morning and closing at night.Vanilla planifolia is one of over 60 species of Vanilla orchid and has been around for almost 500 years.
Phal. parishii is an epiphytic plant that has short stems with very long flattened fleshy roots.
The apex of the short stem bears one or two dark green, arched to pendent elliptic
to elliptic-oblong leaves. The leaves are 5-12 (-15) cm long and up to 5 cm broad but are usually smaller.
Pps. labukensis is an epiphytic plant that has very short stems with 3-5 pendent terete leaves.
The leaves are 165-210 cm long and 6-9 mm in diameter. In cultivation, the leaves have been recorded as exceeding 2 m in length and have even been up to 3.5 m long! A short pendulous to slightly upright inflorescence is produced from nodes near the base of the stem.
Den. fimbriatum has erect, arching or pendulous cane-like stems that are 60-120 cm or more (180-200 cm) long.
They become light yellow-green and furrowed with age and bear many two ranked leaves along the upper half.
Its oblong acute, dark green leaves that are 8-15 cm long and 2-3 cm broad are deciduous after 2-3 seasons.
Pendulous inflorescences up to 18 cm long are borne from the upper nodes of the matured, leafless stems.
Each stem can produce racemes for several seasons.
Bearing 6-15 showy flowers that open together on each raceme, the resulting display on a large plant is certainly spectacular.
Den. hercoglossum is a medium-sized plant with clustered,
slender stems that are 20-35 (-57) cm long and 7 mm in diameter.
The spindle-shaped stems are slender at the base and a little swollen toward the apex.
They generally become pendulous as they lengthen.
Howard Wood (2006) says that the stem sometimes grows for 2 years, producing 2 swellings,
with the leaves falling and blooming on the recently grown portion.
Each pseudobulb bears 4-6 narrowly linear, two-ranked leaves that are 5-10 cm long and 4-11 mm wide.