Oncidium

Common name Dancing lady or butterfly orchid

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Btcm. Hwuluduen Chameleon Colorful Lake

burr-_guann_shin_diamond

Burr. Guann Shin Diamond

odontocidium_wildcat_27rainbow27

Odontocidium Wildcat ‘Rainbow’

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Onc Twingle Fragrance fantacy

Light

Oncidiums are more forgiving of bright, even direct, light than other popular orchids. They can cope with direct light in the morning and prefer bright or even very bright conditions. East, south or west facing windows are all suitable positions.

The leaves should be bright green as opposed to dark green or reddish green. Reddish green indicates too much light and dark green too little light.
Water

while watering allow the compost to become a little dry between waterings.They can withstand considerable drought because their large pseudobulbs act as stores. Wrinkled pseudobulbs generally indicate a lack of water. Black rotten roots are a sign of overwatering.

Temperature

Generally, the most popular oncidiums, with small yellow flowers, large pseudobulbs and strappy leaves, are those classed as intermediate to warm orchids. These require a minimum temperature ranging from 13°C to 25°C .
Humidity

Oncidiums enjoy moist air, requiring a minimum of 40-50% humidity in the immediate vicinity of the plant. Humidity should be increased with higher temperatures. The ideal humidity is 55-75%. Give as much ventilation or air movement as possible
Potting

Oncidiums do not like root disturbance and should only be repotted when either the compost becomes broken down or the pot becomes too small for the new growth. They like to be slightly under potted in a very free-draining bark-based potting media. As a general rule, repot when necessary. Every two years is ideal when the new growth is 5-7.5cm (2-3in) long.

Various Genera in the Oncidium Alliance includes

1)Brassidium “Brsdm.” (Brassia & Oncidium);
2)Oncidium “Onc.”;
3)Wilsonara “Wils.” (Cochlioda x Odontoglossum x Oncidium);
4)Odontocidium “Odcdm.” (Odontoglossum x Oncidium);
5)Odontonia “Odtna.” (Odontoglossum x Miltonia);
6)Miltassia “Mtssa.” (Miltonia x Brassia);
7)Colmanara “Colm.” (Miltonia x Oncidium x Odontoglossum);
8)Vuylstekeara “Vuyl.” (Cochlioda x Miltonia x Odontoglossum);
9)Miltonidium “Mtdm.” (Miltonia x Oncidium);
10) Burrageara “Burr.” (Cochlioda x Miltonia x Odontoglossum x Oncidium).

klairvoyant orchids

Dactylorhiza fuchsii

Dactylorhiza-fuchsii

Dactylorhiza fuchsii a splendid cultivated form of this easy plant. Attractive greyish leaves are lightly covered in diffuse purple spots.
This is held below long, packed spikes of shell-pink flowers, each of which is intricately spotted and dotted with
candy pink.An easy plant, in the garden, in a moist sunny soil. The best Dactylorhiza to start with,
and one which will, in time, make a splendid garden display.

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Ophrys lutea

ophrys   lutea

Ophrys lutea is found in Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Greece and the surrounding Mediterranean islands and plus
western area North Africa in cool grassy areas of 0 to 1800m in elevation.It is found in areas with partial sun.
Plant blooms from winter to spring with two to ten 2.5 cm flowers.
Plant should be grown from seeds. Avoid fertilizers, transplanting, and fungicide because it may kill
the symbiotic fungus. Plant in low nutrient soil with partial sun.

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Cyrtochilum macranthum

cyrtochilum    -   macranthum

Cyrtochilum macranthum is native to Columbia, Ecuador and Peru. It is a protected species according to the Washington Convention.Cyrtochilum macranthum is a species in the genus Cyrtochilum which belongs to the family of the Orchidaceae (Orchideen).Cyrtochilum macranthum has simple leaves. They are linear with entire margins.The flowers are orchid-shaped and yellow. The plants bloom from May to July.

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Ascocentrum garayi

ascocentrum   -    garayi

Ascocentrum has about six species in Asia and the Philippines that are compact vanda like plants and
have upright inflorescences with dense cones of smaller flowers.
Most of these plants are warm to intermediate growers that like slat basket culture with little or no potting media.
The offspring have the small plant size of the ascocentrum combined with the larger flower size of the vanda.

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Anguloa brevilabris

Anguloa-               brevilabrisjpg.img_assist_custom-600x405

Anguloas, also called Tulip Orchids, are relatives of the Lycaste orchid genus.
They are found in South American rainforests. The flowers have good substance, and they are fragrant orchids,
typically smelling of cinnamon. Colors are geen, white, yellow, and red.
The flowers are round and curved inward, giving them a resemblance to tulips.
They have large, thick pseudobulbs, with long, thin, veined leaves.

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Terrestrial Orchids (ground orchids)

Pleione formosana

Phaius tankervilliae

Nervilia orchid

Terrestrial orchids share some characteristics with their greenhouse counterparts. These plants come in many shapes and size, produce blossoms in a rainbow of colors, and are famous for filling the night air with wonderful aromas. Unlike their tropical cousins, however, these woodland flowers do not produce aerial roots or stems that climb trees and bushes. They prefer to keep their roots firmly planted in the earth.

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Brassia orchid

Brassia orchid

Brassia orchid is a beautiful, aromatic flower with long, slender “spider-leg” sepals. The upper petals are a light-yellow green and the lower sepals are creamy with a hint of rosy red. Maroon markings ring the blossoms and the lip, which is nearly translucent and resembles a pointy chin.The Brassia orchid is native to the wet forests of tropical Central andSouth America.

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Masdevallias orchid

Masdevallia orchid

Masdevallia doesn’t even look like an orchid. Masdevallias resemble kites in flight. These orchids have very exaggerated sepals (the top central and the two bottom “petals”), so much so that the three parts merge together to form a tube with tail-like extensions.Masdevallias are cool-growing orchids naturally found in the high-elevation South American Andean cloud forests, with the highest concentration in Columbia, Ecuador and Peru.

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