Orchids in water culture

orchids in water culture

You can place your orchid in any container with enough room for roots to grow, but it is fun to use glass so you can observe the progress of the plant. The container doesn’t need to be very deep but high curved sides can help support the plant and keep it from flopping over. Many hydroponic orchid growers also use clay pebbles in the bottom to help support roots and rise the crown from the moisture to prevent rot. The medium might seem to be straightforward – water – but there are good and bad types. Some municipalities treat their water until it is laden with chemicals and can be quite toxic to plants. A better route is using rainwater, or distilled. It is important to use tepid water to avoid shocking the plant.

Some growers simply leave their orchid in the water all the time with weekly or biweekly water changes. Others swear by soaking the orchid for 2 days and then allowing it to dry for 5 days.

one could set up most orchids to grow in water as long as there was oxygen exchanged. For instance, if the water was re-circulated or had a splash fountain or a bubbler we believe we could grow totally in water– as long as we keep the plant above the water and the roots in the water.

sources

http://hoalacanh.com/blog/2016/03/16/water-culture/
http://www.rv-orchidworks.com/orchidtalk/general-orchid-culture/5493-orchid-water-culture.html
https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/flowers/orchids/growing-orchids-in-water.htm

Klairvoyant orchids

Catasetum Orchid

The Catasetum orchid genus has unisexual flowers, either male or female (they look different); which type appears is controlled by the lighting. If grown in low lighting like a Phalaenopsis, male flowers will appear; if grown in high lighting like a Cattleya they’ll have female flowers. The two flower types look different, so there will probably be one or the other that you’re looking for for the particular species you’re growing. (The male flowers are usually preferred, as they often have small, green, hooded female flowers.)

catasetum

For this particular family of orchids, after blooming occurs the plant goes into a dormancy/resting period where the leaves WILL YELLOW and DROP. This is completely normal. This resting period allows the plant to conserving its energy for the next growing cycle. Watering should also be reducing during dormancy.
Which type of flower a plant produces is determined by the conditions under which it grows. Male and female flowers are markedly different in size and color. At first, taxonomists even thought they were dealing with different species, a puzzle which Charles Darwin resolved when writing Fertilisation of Orchids. There are rare cases in which a single plant in intermediate conditions will produce both male and female flowers.
Many of these species are known to germinate in ant nests high in the canopy and host ant colonies, which provide the plants with an abundant supply of nitrogen, and they also host ants in cultivation frequently. Most of these species are considered moderately difficult to maintain in cultivation without a greenhouse or wardian case and some of them defy cultivation. Most of them cannot tolerate dryness and some of them have very specific temperature requirements. Some of these species are ant plants and attract ant colonies and can become a nuisance in cultivation.

http://www.orchid-care-tips.com/catasetum.html
http://www.akatsukaorchid.com/store/pg/50-Catasetum-Relatives-Care.aspx
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catasetum
http://www.aos.org/orchids/culture-sheets/catasetum.aspx
http://catasetinae5.blogspot.in/p/introduction-to-catasetinae.html

video

klairvoyant orchids

Want to start an orchid growing hobby ?

Here we going to mention how to grow orchids in indian conditions as outdoor plants. Ex In Balcony or  under sunshade or on garden etc…

how orchids plants different from other flowering plants? ( There have ground orchids which can grow as normal plants in grounds. we are not going to that varieties.)

1) Water – When watering orchids, we need to remember the aerial root system, water is best applied with a spray or mist sprinkler system. Do not over-water them.

2) Moisture:- these plants love moisture not water

2) Light – Light requirements for orchids are variable from tropical heat to the cool jungle environment according to the species.

3) Nutrients – Foliar sprays are best applied during the cooler part of the day to allow more absorption. A water soluble formula fertiliser is recommended as it can be washed off and re-applied in two to three weeks. The best time to apply is during the active growing period. There are a lot of fertilisers for orchid growing in the market.

4)Potting mix – Orchids need a good water-retaining medium like charcoal, coconut husks, bracken sheet lining, tree fern bark or sphagnum moss. These offer the best aeration and do not retain too much water to cause root rot. Charcoal is also useful to absorb toxic substances.
So from which orchid species starts with this hobby?

we suggest dendrobium.

why dendrobium?

It is the cheapest orchid available and more tolerable for newbie or for our climate conditions. since watering, nutrients and potting mixture are generally same for all varieties. The difference is in shade/light conditions. these plants required 50% shade. No direct sunlight on noon time. either morning or evening direct sunlight is ok.

Growing locations

dendrobiumflower

Dendrobium plants with flowers

Den plant

a dendrobium plant

seedlings

Dendrobium small plants

you will get new plants these way also ( below )

small

Dendrobium care

Shade 

Required 50% shade.
Dendrobium can tolerate full morning sun followed by an afternoon of shade.
watering

Daily in the morning. which we do in our condition.  make sure medium is almost dry out between watering. Check the medium with your finger – if you feel moisture do not water.
Fertilizer

When your orchid is blooming, fertilizer is not needed. we using Green care 30:10:10 (0.5mg/l) for small plants ( we used one times in a
week)  and Green Care – 13:27:27 ( 0.5mg/l )for big plants. one time in two week.
humidity.

in very hot conditions it good to provide humidity by Humidity tray or by someother means.

Want to buy for trial ?

options   

1)  small plants    These plants require  8 to 9 months to get first flowers. go for cheap one. rate is different  depends upon the variety.

2) Tagged plants  cost depend upon the variety and know what the flower will be

klairvoyant orchids

Oncidium

Common name Dancing lady or butterfly orchid

btcm-20hwuluduen20chameleon20colorful20lake

Btcm. Hwuluduen Chameleon Colorful Lake

burr-_guann_shin_diamond

Burr. Guann Shin Diamond

odontocidium_wildcat_27rainbow27

Odontocidium Wildcat ‘Rainbow’

onc20twingle20fragrance20fantacy

Onc Twingle Fragrance fantacy

Light

Oncidiums are more forgiving of bright, even direct, light than other popular orchids. They can cope with direct light in the morning and prefer bright or even very bright conditions. East, south or west facing windows are all suitable positions.

The leaves should be bright green as opposed to dark green or reddish green. Reddish green indicates too much light and dark green too little light.
Water

while watering allow the compost to become a little dry between waterings.They can withstand considerable drought because their large pseudobulbs act as stores. Wrinkled pseudobulbs generally indicate a lack of water. Black rotten roots are a sign of overwatering.

Temperature

Generally, the most popular oncidiums, with small yellow flowers, large pseudobulbs and strappy leaves, are those classed as intermediate to warm orchids. These require a minimum temperature ranging from 13°C to 25°C .
Humidity

Oncidiums enjoy moist air, requiring a minimum of 40-50% humidity in the immediate vicinity of the plant. Humidity should be increased with higher temperatures. The ideal humidity is 55-75%. Give as much ventilation or air movement as possible
Potting

Oncidiums do not like root disturbance and should only be repotted when either the compost becomes broken down or the pot becomes too small for the new growth. They like to be slightly under potted in a very free-draining bark-based potting media. As a general rule, repot when necessary. Every two years is ideal when the new growth is 5-7.5cm (2-3in) long.

Various Genera in the Oncidium Alliance includes

1)Brassidium “Brsdm.” (Brassia & Oncidium);
2)Oncidium “Onc.”;
3)Wilsonara “Wils.” (Cochlioda x Odontoglossum x Oncidium);
4)Odontocidium “Odcdm.” (Odontoglossum x Oncidium);
5)Odontonia “Odtna.” (Odontoglossum x Miltonia);
6)Miltassia “Mtssa.” (Miltonia x Brassia);
7)Colmanara “Colm.” (Miltonia x Oncidium x Odontoglossum);
8)Vuylstekeara “Vuyl.” (Cochlioda x Miltonia x Odontoglossum);
9)Miltonidium “Mtdm.” (Miltonia x Oncidium);
10) Burrageara “Burr.” (Cochlioda x Miltonia x Odontoglossum x Oncidium).

klairvoyant orchids

Spathoglottis

Common name for Spathoglottis is “Ground Orchids” even though there are several
other genera that can be planted directly in the ground as landscape plants. These orchids are terrestrials found in the tropics of Asia. Flowering should occur throughout the year on the most modern hybrids / clones since they were bred for more compact foliage and larger more colorful flowers.

spa-white

Spathoglottis-White

spa-yellow20hybrid

Spa-yellow hybrid

spa-plicata

spa-plicata

Watering

Spathoglottis require good drainage in the media, so after a thorough watering allow the media to dry on top but you do not want the container to dry out altogether. Do not allow to sit in water.
Temperature

Spathoglottis are generally “warm” growing plants liking temperatures up to the high 30 ̊ C and they can tolerate temperatures down into the upper 15 ̊ C.
Potting media 

The plants are very forgiving as to the potting media. The mix should very free draining but holds more moisture than regular media for epiphytic orchids. Do not
bury the pseudobulbs.

Blooming

Blooms typically are produced when the pseudobulbs mature.

More

http://houseplants.about.com/od/Plant-Profiles-May-2014/fl/SpathoglottismdashGrowing-Spathoglottis-Orchids.htm

http://www.gardenguides.com/83162-care-spathoglottis-plant.html

https://photoplusbyritasim.wordpress.com/2012/05/14/spathoglottis-plicata-ground-orchid-3/

Growing Ground Orchids: How To Care For Spathoglottis Garden Orchids

Klairvoyant orchids

Mokara Care

Mokara (Mkra)

mkra-charkuan20orangeMokara.Charkuan orange

mkra-omyai20orange20mutant

MOKARA.OMYAI ORANGE MUTANT

Mokara (Mkra), Intergeneric hybrids between Arachnis × Ascocentrum × Vanda

Mokara  grow nearly full sun to very bright partial shade and intermediate to warm temperatures.so it like vanda growing condition

If hung the roots must be watered frequently during the growing season.

klairvoyant orchids

Aerides Orchids Care

Aerides (Aer), known commonly as cat’s-tail orchids and fox brush orchids.
Aerides  grow nearly full sun to very bright partial shade and intermediate to warm temperatures. so it like vanda growing condition

If hung the roots must be watered frequently during the growing season.

Aerides rosea

Aerides Rosea

Aerides rosea is a species of orchid. Native to China, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam.

Information

https://www.wikiwand.com/en/Aerides_rosea
http://orchids.wikia.com/wiki/Aerides_rosea

photo
http://www.justtropicals.com/show_species.php?species_id=159

aerides_lawrencea

Aer.Lawrencea

Aerides Lawrencea plants found growing in philippines

information

http://orchids.wikia.com/wiki/Aerides_lawrenceae

Klairvoyant Orchids

Rhynchostylis retusa (also called Foxtail Orchid)

Rhynchostylis retusa

Rhynchostylis retusa

The orchid has a bunch consisting of more than 100 pink-spotted white flowers.

In India, the plant is most common in North-East, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh.The plant is in the verge of extinction in India. Rhychostylis Retusa is recognized as the state flower of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in India as well the Uva Province of Sri Lanka.

Rhynchostylis orchids grow epiphytically in the Asian rainforests on the lower parts of trees, unlike Vanda orchids, which grow on the tops.Rhynchostylis retusa, generally found in Assam in abundance
Care
Rhynchostylis orchids grow in shaded areas so they do not tolerate much direct sunlight unlike Vanda. In fact, they require bright indirect sunlight (something more than for Phalaenopsis but without a direct sun in midday). they are warm to hot growing orchids and don’t tolerate cool temperatures. It is a good idea to grow them bare-rooted without a substrate or in pure large bark in hanging baskets, just like Vanda orchids. They prefer humid air but they can tolerate somewhat dry air. Their roots look like as Vanda ones, but they are actually more tender and fragile, you should water them regularly but allow them to dry between watering, fertilizers should be applied in spring-winter months but not so abundant as for Vanda, because their growth rate is not so fast as Vanda’s.

Blooming

It normally bloom from fall to winter

photos
http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Foxtail%20Orchid.html

http://staugorchidsociety.org/gallery63.htm
information

https://www.wikiwand.com/en/Rhynchostylis_retusa

http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/230985/?max=8&offset=0&classification=265799&taxon=44959&view=grid

Rhynchostylis Orchids: Tips On Growing Foxtail Orchid Plants

http://orchids9.blogspot.in/2011/05/rhynchostylis-retusa-orchid-flower.html

http://www.antonechan.com/orchids/info/notes.htm

klairvoyant Orchids

Dendrobium Care

Shade

Required 50% shade.
Dendrobium can tolerate full morning sun followed by an afternoon of shade.
Watering

Daily in the morning. which we do in our condition ( kerala, india ) make sure medium is almost dry out between watering. Check the medium with your finger – if you feel moisture do not water.
Fertilizer

When your orchid is blooming, fertilizer is not needed. we using Green care 30:10:10 for small plants ( we used two times in a week) and Green Care – 13:27:27 for big plants. one time in a week.
humidity.

in very hot conditions it good to provide humidity by Humidity tray or some other means.

klairvoyant orchids