Orchids and Japan

Neofinetia falcata

Neofinetia falcata

( chosen as the symbol to represent Japanese wild orchids)

Japan has four distinct seasons with a climate ranging from subarctic in the north to subtropical in the south. Conditions are different between the Pacific side and the Sea of Japan side.August is the hottest month in Tokyo with an average temperature of 26°C ) and the coldest is January at 5°C with the most daily sunshine hours at 6 in December. The wettest month is June with an average of 181mm of rain.

As a popular flower Orchid comes at 7th position in japan. Favorited orchids in japan are cymbidium,paphiopedilum, RHIZANTHOID CATTLEYA. usually plants required full shade and temperature range 14.5 C to 24 C will grown well in Japanese condition

 

phalaenopsis as gift

  Phalaenopsis orchids as Gift

Giving moth orchids in the business world, a practice that took off during the high-growth era of the 1980s

Fuukiran

Fuukiran orchid

The 12th World Orchid Conference, a global event occurring every three years, was held in Japan in 1987. At that time, a flower of Neofinetia falcata was chosen as the symbol to represent Japanese wild orchids. Because of this, Neofinetia falcata was recognized widely among orchid enthusiasts and other plant lovers. Fuukiran means in general, a mutated or variegated Neofinetia falcata collected from the wild.   In Japanese traditional gardening, an elegant name is used to denote a valuable plant. This is true also for Rhodea japonica, Dendrobium moniliforme and Ardisia crispa. However, even if a Neofinetia falcate has variagation, it is recognized as a Fuukiran only after being registered with Japan Fuukiran Society. For instance, if a variagation of Neofinetia falcata is newly discovered, it is still just a variety of Neofinetia falcata and cannot be defined as a Fuukiran. To be a new Fuukiran , (1) the same variation must continue consistently for years, (2) the number of plants must increase to some extent, and (3) the physical characters should be clearly different from other recognized variety. After applying for registration with the Japan Fuukiran Society and receiving judgment, it is recognized as a new Fuukiran.

Choseiran

Choseiran orchid

 Choseiran has developed as Japanese original gardening from Edo period. It is amazing that even now many kind of Choseiran exist that discovered 180 years ago. Choseiran is a kind of cultural heritage like other traditional orchid like Fuukiran.
Choseiran is a traditional orchid growing which consists of variegated or mutated leaf Den.moniliform, collected from the wild, and was refined by peculiar sensibility based on Japanese culture. The continuance of the mutation is strictly confirmed and severely selected and finally named as a Choseiran. Its form is about 8 inches maximum and 1 inch minimum that allows many plants in a narrow space so everyone can grow them in every living circumstance. In spring their flowers and mellow fragrance give us precious moment.

 

Reference

http://highfuukiran.blogspot.com/

http://fukiransoa.weebly.com/

 

Orchidzone

 

Neofinetia

neofinetia20red

Neofinetia Red

neofinitia-darwinara20charm2027blue20star

Neofinitia.Darwinara Charm ‘Blue Star’

v-neostylis20lou20sneary

‘Lou Sneary’

Neofinetia x Rhynchostylis = Neostylis (e.g. ‘Lou Sneary’)

Neofinetia falcata is arguably the first orchid ever to be grown as a house plant in Japan in the 1600’s. It is also known as the Samurai Orchid, as Shogun Tokugawa Ienari fell in love with the plant and it is rumored that samurai would help in searching and collecting the plants from the mountains. It is one of the world’s highest priced orchid (depending on the rarity of each variety), with a history of some plants selling for $100,000+. Neofinetias are enjoyed as bonsai are, for the foliage and the overall presentation of the plant. In Japan, it is said that the key to growing them is to enjoy the plant everyday of the year, not just for the flowers. They generally flower in June and July, and have a very sweet fragrance (somewhat like Jasmine) that is strongest at dusk and dawn.

Water
like to stay slightly wet between watering from late April until September or October, when the weather is warm and the days are long.If allow the moss to completely dry out in May or June, neofinetia often abort flowering for the season.During the cool season, only water or mist the plants on sunny days (if you have high humidity, you don’t need to do this often). these plants have a warm and wet growing season, and then a cool and dry season in Japan. We have found that the plants do not require a cool dry rest to grow and flower well.
Fertilizer

Fertilizing is important in the growing season only, which is from April until September/October. Fertilizer may be cut out 100% in the winter and when the plants are in bloom.
Temperature

Fuukiran are very strong plants, and are quite easy to grow. can tolerate temperatures from 0 to 37 degrees Celsius. Ideal temperatures would be 15 degrees Celsius at night, with a daytime temp in the mid 25 to 28 degrees Celsius
shade

They enjoy medium light conditions (no direct sun)
Repotting

Neofinetia can grow in almost any substrate as long as they get good moisture to the roots with good air flow. They can grow in sphagnum moss, bark, bare root in baskets (like Vandas if the humidity levels are high) and mounted on cork slabs.
Growing Outdoors

Semi-shaded with brighter morning sun will make these plants grow to their full potential. Being too cold and wet is often followed by bacterial or fungal rot. Also remember to keep the plant watered adequately as sun and wind will dry the plants out quickly.

Links

http://newworldorchids.com/neofinetia-care-sheet/

https://www.wikiwand.com/en/Neofinetia

 

 

 

 

Klairvoyant orchids