Orchids from seeds?!

orchid seeds

 

Most plant seeds (except orchids) are relatively large and contain a large store of nutrition to sustain the young plant before leaves and roots develop enough to continue sustaining the growing plant. With this type of seed, you just pop the seed in soil, water, and watch the seedling grow. Most garden plant seeds are of this type. Examples are beans, peas, corn, tomatoes and lettuce, all the seeds you see at your local nursery or produce store. Orchid seed, in comparison, is tiny, like dust. It contains virtually no nutrition to grow the new plant, so orchid seed relies on a mycorrhizal fungus to provide the nutrition required to grow. Until the young orchid grows leaves and roots large enough to support the orchid, the fungus must provide all the nutrition for the growing plant. Without this fungus, there is no possibility of the seed developing.

 

Now, back to how to grow your seed. If you just put your seed in a pot and water, it will not grow without the required fungus. Early orchid growers had little success growing orchids from seed due to this problem. They found to have any chance of success, the seed should be sown on the mother pot around the roots of the parent plant. Here, the potting media will be moist due to normal watering of the pot and will also contain suitable mycorrhizal fungus from the parent plant. Many species will grow using this method. Phaius, for example, grow extremely well using this method. A soon as the seedlings are of sufficient size, they should be moved into their own pot as the young plants will suffer from the competition from the parent plant. Many epiphytes will germinate using this method, so it may be worth a try with your pod.

 

The most reliable method is asymbiotic germination, or flasking. This method involves growing the seeds in a nutrient solution which provides the necessary nutrients for the growing plants. This avoids the necessity of the mycorrhizal fungus. The nutrient solution is mixed into agar, a gel, to provide mechanical support for the seedlings. Unfortunately, other organisms, like bacteria and fungus, also love growing in the nutrient solution and will overrun the seedling, just like weeds in our gardens, smothering and killing the seedlings. To prevent this, the agar media, flask and seed is sterilised ensuring that there is nothing in the flask to compete with the young seedlings.

Flasking is the method used commercially to grow orchid from seed. It has proven to be reliable, relatively cheap and simple. All seed can be reliably grown in flasks only requiring a change to the flask formulation for some difficult to grow species. There are many books describing flasking techniques in detail and many articles on the internet. Flasking can be done very simply at home using common household appliances and no special equipment. Media can be made using mostly household items from variety of formulas, or commercial mixtures are available at reasonable prices. Flasking is not out of reach of the home hobbyist with some of our own members producing many of their own flasks quiet successfully and reliably.

 

The question you now need to ask yourself is ‘Do I really want to grow from seed?’ You are looking at three to twelve months for the pod to ripen, one to four years of growing in the flask followed by one to ten years or more of growing the young orchid before you see your first flower if growing by flask. If growing symbiotically, you will still need 3 to 12 months for the pod to ripen, followed by two to 10 years of growing the orchid to achieve a flower. All up, you are looking at about 3 to 15 years, including years of watering, fertilising and repotting before you see a flower.

 

source

http://bos.org.au/Articles/Orchids%20From%20Seed.html
https://www.bewdleyorchids.com/seed-cultivation.html
http://everything-orchids.com/orchid-growing-faqs/can-i-grow-orchid-from-seed
http://www.aos.org/orchids/additional-resources/harvesting-times-of-orchid-seed-capsules.aspx

 

 

 

 

Klairvoyant orchids

Orchids in water culture

orchids in water culture

You can place your orchid in any container with enough room for roots to grow, but it is fun to use glass so you can observe the progress of the plant. The container doesn’t need to be very deep but high curved sides can help support the plant and keep it from flopping over. Many hydroponic orchid growers also use clay pebbles in the bottom to help support roots and rise the crown from the moisture to prevent rot. The medium might seem to be straightforward – water – but there are good and bad types. Some municipalities treat their water until it is laden with chemicals and can be quite toxic to plants. A better route is using rainwater, or distilled. It is important to use tepid water to avoid shocking the plant.

Some growers simply leave their orchid in the water all the time with weekly or biweekly water changes. Others swear by soaking the orchid for 2 days and then allowing it to dry for 5 days.

one could set up most orchids to grow in water as long as there was oxygen exchanged. For instance, if the water was re-circulated or had a splash fountain or a bubbler we believe we could grow totally in water– as long as we keep the plant above the water and the roots in the water.

sources

http://hoalacanh.com/blog/2016/03/16/water-culture/
http://www.rv-orchidworks.com/orchidtalk/general-orchid-culture/5493-orchid-water-culture.html
https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/flowers/orchids/growing-orchids-in-water.htm

 

 

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Best Fragrant orchids

 

fragrant

  1. Oncidium Sharry Baby

The fragrance of the Sharry Baby is what makes it magnificent and much sought after. It bears a remarkable resemblance with chocolate, though some people describe it as milk chocolate, or vanilla chocolate. In any case, it is one of the very few orchids that bear this unique fragrance, so it is a must for any fragrant orchid collection.

The Sharry Baby releases fragrance during the day time and is not fragrant at night. It can take 2 or 3 days for the fragrance to develop once a flower opens and the smell is quite powerful,

There are several varieties of the Sharry Baby, the most popular one being the ‘Sweet Fragrance’ variety which was awarded with AM/AOS. It is said that this is the most fragrant of all varieties.

2) Cycnodes Wine Delight

The blooms are very fragrant, the intensity of the scent can become overwhelming if kept in a small room. The fragrance is sharp, clean and slightly minty, reminding of medicine. Some people suggest it can remind of cherries, but overall the fragrance can be quite pleasant.

The scent is more noticeable in the morning hours, while in the afternoon it completely fades away.

3) Rhynchorides  Bangkok Sunset.

The flowers are moderately fragrant, smelling floral and clean. There is nothing bothering about the fragrance and can only be described as a refreshing, floral scent. This orchid releases its fragrance mainly in the first part of the day, towards the evening and night it slowly fades away.

4) The Sedirea japonica species

Is a popular fragrant species, smelling clean and fresh of delicious lemon pie. It is a bit sweet so it’s quite enjoyable, but you definitely think of lemon fruit when you smell it.

5) Rhynchostylis gigantea species

This orchid species has large flowers that give off a very powerful citrus smell.

6) Oncidium Twinkle Fragrance Fantasy

Another Oncidium hybrid. This one produces a strong and spicy vanilla scent.

7) Angranthes Grandalena

The flowers are beautiful with an icy green appearance. Very fragrant both day and night.

8) Brassavola nodosa

known as “Lady-of-the-Night,” orchid. This orchid has beautiful white flowers that are said to smell of a strong freesia or lily-of-the-valley scent

9) Miltoniopsis santanaei

This small orchid has beautiful white flowers that emit a wonderful rose smell.

10) Phalaenopsis violacea

This small beautiful orchid is said to emit a spicy cinnamon smell.

 

 

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coerulea,aquinii,flamea,orlata

cattley intermedia

cattleya intermedia

 

cattley intermedia var alba

cattleya intermedia var alba

Alba refers to a plant lacking in coloring pigments, meaning it will be white or green or yellow  in a plant in which the type species has color.

cattleya intermedia Var Semi alba

cattleya intermedia Var Semi alba

Semi-alba is used to refer to a flower lacking colouring pigments, but the lip still is colored.

C. intermedia var. coerulea

C. intermedia var. coerulea

Coerulea refers to bluish tones.

Cattleya intermedia var. aquinii also known as var. flamea

aquinii means there is collation in the petals mimicking that of the lip. It is also referred-to as “flared”.

 

Cattleya intermedia var orlata

Cattleya intermedia var orlata

var orlata means flower lip’s trim or border also coloured

 

For to know the diversity of flower colour change check Color forms of Laelia purpurata

Typical plants (“Tipo”) have white petals and sepals, blushed pink. The pink can be lighter or darker. The lip is purple, and this purple lip is dominant in hybrids.

Concolors are always pink; they have pink lips, petals and sepals. The lip can be darker than the petals and sepals.

Whites have pure white petals and sepals, with no hint of color. Albas have pink in the throat, but not farther out in the lip. Semi-albas have purple lips. Atro has a very dark lip. Virginalis is pure white, with no hint of pink nor purple.

Blues have several forms. The coerulea we are familiar with is called Ardosa in Brazil. A brighter blue is called Roxo-violeta in southern Brazil, and Aco in the north. Werkhauserii is an unusual grayish blue that is found in no other orchid. For years it was unavailable outside Brazil, or inside, for that matter.

Carnea has a raspberry- or strawberry-colored lip. These plants used to have lighter lips but are being bred for darker lips.

Russelliana or Suave has a pale pink lip, paler than Carnea.

Roxo-bispo occurs only in Santa Catarina state. It has pure white tepals, and a pink-purple lip the color of a Roman Catholic bishop’s ceremonial robes.

Vinicolor or bordeaux is a red wine color. This is a very rare color, so flower form is not as important when judging.

Rubra has strongly-colored petals and sepals, and a red lip.

Sanguinea is a very dark red.

Anelata has a white lip with a narrow ring of color near the edge. The lip can have any color.

Argolao has a white lip with a ring of color up to 1/3 the lip width. The lip can have any color.

Marginata has a very dark rim on a white lip. The lip can have any color.

Oculata has a white patch at the tip of the lip, separating the color on the rim. If this white spot did not exist, it would be a Marginata. The lip can have any color.

Mandayana has no grooves in the jaws of color in the throat.

Flamea has patches, of any color, that radiate out along the petals and sepals, against a lighter background, looking like flames.

Striata has unbranched lines or stripes, of any color, that radiate out along the petals and sepals, against a lighter background.

Venosa is similar to Striata, except the stripes branch as they radiate outwards.

Werckhauserii striata is found in nature.

Source

http://www.orchidboard.com/community/cattleya-alliance/90437-laelia-purpurata.html

 

Klairvoyant orchids

 

 

 

 

 

Alba and semi-Alba

Alba refers to a plant lacking in coloring pigments, meaning it will be white and/or green in a plant in which the type species has color.
Semi-alba is used to refer to a flower mostly meeting those same criteria, but the lip still is colored.

Example  Dendrobium parishii

Dendrobium parishii

Dendrobium parishii  (Normal Form has colour)

 

dendrobium parishii alba

Dendrobium parishii  -Var alba

(refers to a plant lacking in coloring pigments, )

Den. parishii var. semi-alba.

Dendrobium parishii  -Var Semi alba

( Semi-alba is used to refer to a flower lacking colouring pigments, but the lip still is colored.)

Dendrobium parishii semi alba Black pearl

Dendrobium parishii  Var semi alba “Black pearl”

( Semi-alba is used to refer to a flower lacking colouring pigments, but the lip still is colored In this case lip is another colour.)

 

seidenfadenia-mitratap

seidenfadenia-mitrata ( Normal Form has colour )

 

seidenfadenia-mitrata-var-alba-sp

seidenfadenia-mitrata var-alba

(refers to a plant lacking in coloring pigments, )

 

 

 

 

 

Klairvoyant orchids

 

 

 

 

Want to start an orchid growing hobby ?

Here we going to mention how to grow orchids in indian conditions as outdoor plants. Ex In Balcony or  under sunshade or on garden etc…

how orchids plants different from other flowering plants? ( There have ground orchids which can grow as normal plants in grounds. we are not going to that varieties.)

1) Water – When watering orchids, we need to remember the aerial root system, water is best applied with a spray or mist sprinkler system. Do not over-water them.

2) Moisture:- these plants love moisture not water

2) Light – Light requirements for orchids are variable from tropical heat to the cool jungle environment according to the species.

3) Nutrients – Foliar sprays are best applied during the cooler part of the day to allow more absorption. A water soluble formula fertiliser is recommended as it can be washed off and re-applied in two to three weeks. The best time to apply is during the active growing period. There are a lot of fertilisers for orchid growing in the market.

4)Potting mix – Orchids need a good water-retaining medium like charcoal, coconut husks, bracken sheet lining, tree fern bark or sphagnum moss. These offer the best aeration and do not retain too much water to cause root rot. Charcoal is also useful to absorb toxic substances.
So from which orchid species starts with this hobby?

we suggest dendrobium.

why dendrobium?

It is the cheapest orchid available and more tolerable for newbie or for our climate conditions. since watering, nutrients and potting mixture are generally same for all varieties. The difference is in shade/light conditions. these plants required 50% shade. No direct sunlight on noon time. either morning or evening direct sunlight is ok.

Growing locations

 

dendrobiumflower

Dendrobium plants with flowers

Den plant

a dendrobium plant

seedlings

Dendrobium small plants

you will get new plants these way also ( below )

small

Dendrobium care

Shade 

Required 50% shade.
Dendrobium can tolerate full morning sun followed by an afternoon of shade.
watering

Daily in the morning. which we do in our condition.  make sure medium is almost dry out between watering. Check the medium with your finger – if you feel moisture do not water.
Fertilizer

When your orchid is blooming, fertilizer is not needed. we using Green care 30:10:10 (0.5mg/l) for small plants ( we used one times in a
week)  and Green Care – 13:27:27 ( 0.5mg/l )for big plants. one time in two week.
humidity.

in very hot conditions it good to provide humidity by Humidity tray or by someother means.

Want to buy for trial ?

options   

1)  small plants    These plants require  8 to 9 months to get first flowers. go for cheap one. rate is different  depends upon the variety.

2) untagged blooming stage plants    These plants will get first flower with in 2 to 3 months.  these plants are cheap rated because don’t know what the colour of flower these plants  will produce

3) Tagged plants  cost depend upon the variety and know what the flower will be

 

 

klairvoyant orchids

Sphagnum moss

gby1212_2d_peat_moss_lg

Long fibered sphagnum moss is on the left, and sphagnum peat moss is on the right

 

Sphagnum moss is different from sphagnum peat moss. Sphagnum peat moss is commonly used in the garden as a soil additive to increase drainage and aeration. Sphagnum moss is used in crafts and floral arrangements or as a liner for hanging planter baskets. Sphagnum moss may also be used in bog gardens because that is where the moss naturally grows.

Disease
Sporotrichosis is a fungal disease that has been associated with sphagnum moss. The disease occurs because of a fungus known as Sporothrix schenckii. The fungus enters broken skin and can cause tiny bumps and ulcers on the skin. In some cases, the fungus can infect other parts of the body if the fungus spores are inhaled. Sphagnum moss and other dried plant debris can act as a host to the fungus. Not every piece of sphagnum moss is infested. However, it is best to wear gloves and a mask when working with the moss if you use it to create a plant bog or living succulent wreath.
Water Absorption
Sphagnum moss absorbs and retains any water that comes within reach. Two problems occur when using the moss for growing plants. The first is that the soil stays too moist for the plant because the sphagnum moss retains the moisture for long periods. The second problem is that the moss could dry out the soil around the root system, because it has absorbed the water from that section of soil.

Environmental Concerns
According to Natural Life Magazine, peat bogs have a high acid content that acts as a natural preservative. The bogs act as an “irreplaceable record of climate, vegetation and human activity” that has preserved information for thousands of years, the magazine reports. The bogs where sphagnum moss is collected act as an ecosystem that are home to hundreds of species of plants and animals. The process of collecting the moss destroys these wetlands. This has a negative impact on the flora and fauna that live in the region. Sphagnum moss is not considered a renewable resource, so the damage to the bogs is permanent.

Alternatives to Sphagnum Moss
Several alternatives to sphagnum moss are available for growing plants. A popular one used for lining baskets is coir or shredded coconut husks. Other shredded materials that work well for planting include tree bark, straw, dried leaves or leaf compost. If you are using the moss to aerate the soil, consider using compost. Perlite works well for starting seeds and rooting cuttings. Look for products that are classified as byproducts, such as cocoa bean shells, as a safe alternative to sphagnum moss.
source

http://www.flytrapcare.com/phpBB3/sphagnum-moss-not-peat-t2486.html

 

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Foliar Fertilising

Foliar-Feeding-Plants

 

Foliar feeding of plant nutrients is a relatively new agricultural technique compared to the long history of agriculture, and consequently is often poorly understood. research on foliar applications of nutrients and have obtained some excellent results.

Research found plants can absorb nutrients through their leaves and bypass nutrient uptake through the root system. nutrients are directly absorbed through the leaves.underneath side of young leaves absorbed better than the underneath side of older leaves.

Leaves have transcuticular pores (i.e. pores between cell structures) and stomata through which nutrient sprays can enter the plant. The transcuticular pores are on both the upper and lower surfaces of leaves and are open all the time, so foliar-applied nutrients are believed to primarily enter through these pores.experiments showed that buds, twigs, the trunk, flowers and fruit all absorbed nutrients.

source

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foliar_feeding
http://blog.nutri-tech.com.au/top-10-most-frequently-asked-foliar-fertilising-questions/

 

 

 

 

Klairvoyant orchids

About Plant Virus

plant virus

There are virtually no antiviral compounds available to cure plants with viral diseases, efficient control measures can greatly mitigate or prevent disease from occurring.

Preventative measures may include use of certified virus-free seed or vegetative stocks, elimination of the virus reservoirs in the surrounding wild vegetation, and modification of planting and harvesting practices. If the virus is known to be transmitted by a particular vector, control or avoidance of this vector is of paramount importance. For instance, insect, nematode or fungal vectors can be controlled by insecticides, nematicides, or fungicides, respectively.

Treatment: There is no treatment for a virused plant. Destroy the plant to prevent it from infecting other plants. If the plant is valuable, isolate it completely from other plants and follow precautions to prevent infecting other plants.
Reference

1) http://staugorchidsociety.org/culturepests-viruses.htm
2) http://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/intropp/pathogengroups/pages/plantviruses.aspx

Cymbidium mosaic virus and the Odontoglossum ringspot virus (ORSV) are two of the most common viruses affecting cultivated orchids worldwide. Infected plants can have less desirable flowers or other problems, causing significant financial losses to orchid growers. The virus has not often been reported in wild orchid populations. It can be found in a wide variety of orchid genera but does not infect plants other than orchids.

Once an orchid is infected, the virus spreads throughout the infected plant in a number of weeks. Control measures may include sanitizing pruning equipment between plants.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cymbidium_mosaic_virus

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odontoglossum_ringspot_virus

 

 

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Spathoglottis

Common name for Spathoglottis is “Ground Orchids” even though there are several
other genera that can be planted directly in the ground as landscape plants. These orchids are terrestrials found in the tropics of Asia. Flowering should occur throughout the year on the most modern hybrids / clones since they were bred for more compact foliage and larger more colorful flowers.

spa-white

Spathoglottis-White

spa-yellow20hybrid

Spa-yellow hybrid

spa-plicata

spa-plicata

Watering

Spathoglottis require good drainage in the media, so after a thorough watering allow the media to dry on top but you do not want the container to dry out altogether. Do not allow to sit in water.
Temperature

Spathoglottis are generally “warm” growing plants liking temperatures up to the high 30 ̊ C and they can tolerate temperatures down into the upper 15 ̊ C.
Potting media 

The plants are very forgiving as to the potting media. The mix should very free draining but holds more moisture than regular media for epiphytic orchids. Do not
bury the pseudobulbs.

Blooming

Blooms typically are produced when the pseudobulbs mature.

More

http://houseplants.about.com/od/Plant-Profiles-May-2014/fl/SpathoglottismdashGrowing-Spathoglottis-Orchids.htm

http://www.gardenguides.com/83162-care-spathoglottis-plant.html

https://photoplusbyritasim.wordpress.com/2012/05/14/spathoglottis-plicata-ground-orchid-3/

Growing Ground Orchids: How To Care For Spathoglottis Garden Orchids

Klairvoyant orchids