Orchids and Japan

Neofinetia falcata

Neofinetia falcata

( chosen as the symbol to represent Japanese wild orchids)

Japan has four distinct seasons with a climate ranging from subarctic in the north to subtropical in the south. Conditions are different between the Pacific side and the Sea of Japan side.August is the hottest month in Tokyo with an average temperature of 26°C ) and the coldest is January at 5°C with the most daily sunshine hours at 6 in December. The wettest month is June with an average of 181mm of rain.

As a popular flower Orchid comes at 7th position in japan. Favorited orchids in japan are cymbidium,paphiopedilum, RHIZANTHOID CATTLEYA. usually plants required full shade and temperature range 14.5 C to 24 C will grown well in Japanese condition

 

phalaenopsis as gift

  Phalaenopsis orchids as Gift

Giving moth orchids in the business world, a practice that took off during the high-growth era of the 1980s

Fuukiran

Fuukiran orchid

The 12th World Orchid Conference, a global event occurring every three years, was held in Japan in 1987. At that time, a flower of Neofinetia falcata was chosen as the symbol to represent Japanese wild orchids. Because of this, Neofinetia falcata was recognized widely among orchid enthusiasts and other plant lovers. Fuukiran means in general, a mutated or variegated Neofinetia falcata collected from the wild.   In Japanese traditional gardening, an elegant name is used to denote a valuable plant. This is true also for Rhodea japonica, Dendrobium moniliforme and Ardisia crispa. However, even if a Neofinetia falcate has variagation, it is recognized as a Fuukiran only after being registered with Japan Fuukiran Society. For instance, if a variagation of Neofinetia falcata is newly discovered, it is still just a variety of Neofinetia falcata and cannot be defined as a Fuukiran. To be a new Fuukiran , (1) the same variation must continue consistently for years, (2) the number of plants must increase to some extent, and (3) the physical characters should be clearly different from other recognized variety. After applying for registration with the Japan Fuukiran Society and receiving judgment, it is recognized as a new Fuukiran.

Choseiran

Choseiran orchid

 Choseiran has developed as Japanese original gardening from Edo period. It is amazing that even now many kind of Choseiran exist that discovered 180 years ago. Choseiran is a kind of cultural heritage like other traditional orchid like Fuukiran.
Choseiran is a traditional orchid growing which consists of variegated or mutated leaf Den.moniliform, collected from the wild, and was refined by peculiar sensibility based on Japanese culture. The continuance of the mutation is strictly confirmed and severely selected and finally named as a Choseiran. Its form is about 8 inches maximum and 1 inch minimum that allows many plants in a narrow space so everyone can grow them in every living circumstance. In spring their flowers and mellow fragrance give us precious moment.

 

Reference

http://highfuukiran.blogspot.com/

http://fukiransoa.weebly.com/

 

Orchidzone

 

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Rhizanthoid Cattleya

The rhizanthoid Cattleyas differ from the other species of Cattleya by having inflorescences which arise directly from the rhizome,(Refer 1st picture) instead of from the apex of the pseudobulb. (Refer 2nd picture).Its native habitat is Brazilian Central Plateau.

(1) Directly from the rhizome        (2) The apex of the pseudo bulb

 

Example

1) Cattleya walkeriana (Walker’s cattleya) is a species of orchid.

Cattleya_walkeriana

 

2) Cattleya nobilior

Referring to the flowers which are larger than those of C. walkeriana,

C.nobilior

 

 

 

Orchid zone

Cattleya alliance

catfeb

The Cattleya Alliance encompasses following

1)Cattleya(C)
2)Brassavola(B)
3)Epidendrum(EPI)
4)Cattlianthe(CTT)
5)Rhyncattleanthe(RHT)
6)Rhyncholaeliocattleya(RLC)
7)Rhyncholaelia(RI)
8)Guarianthe(Gur)
9)Brassolaeliocattleya(Blc)
10)Keyesara(key)
11)Cahuzacara(Chz)
12)Rhynchobrassoleya(Rby)
13)Brassocatanthe(Bct)
14)Brassocattleya(Bc)
15)Encyclia(E)
16)Laelia(L)
17)Schomburgkia(Schom)
18)Sophronitis(Soph)
19)Tetramicra(Ttma)
20)Rhyncholaelia(RI)
21)Reichenbachanthus(Reic)
22)Quispquea (Qui)
23)Pseudolaelia(Pdla)
24)Prosthechea(Psh)
25)Ponera(pon)
26)Platyglottis(Pgs)
27)Pinelia(pin)
28)Oleanesia(Orle)
29)Oerstedella(Oe)
30)Nidema(Nid)
31)Neowilliamsia(Nw)
32)Neocoquiauxia(Nga)
33)Myrmecophila(Mcp)
34)Meieacyllium(Mrclm)
35)Laeliocattleya(Lc)
36)Laeliopsis(Lps)
37)Lanium(Lan)
38)Jacquiniella(Ja)
39)Hoffmannseggella(Hof)
40)Helleriella(Hel)
41)Epidanthus(Ed)
42)Earina(Ear)
43)Domingoa(Dga)
44)Diothonea(Dio)
45)Dilomilis(Dilo)
46)Constantia(Const)
47)Coilostylis(Cloil)
48)Caularthron(Cau)
49)Cattleyella(Ctc)
50)Cattleyopsis(Ctps)
51)Broughtonia(Bro)
52)Basiphyllaea(Bas)
53)Barkeria(Bark)
54)Alamania(AI)
55)Acrorchis(Arr)
56)Arpophyllum(Arpo)
57)Psychilis(Psy)
58)Scaphyglottis(Scgl)
59)Brassoepidendrum(Bepi)
60)Brassolaelia(Bl)
61)Epicattleya(Epc)
62)Epilaelia(Epl)
63)Epilaeliocattleya(Eplc)
64)Schombocatonia(Smbcna)
65)Schombolaelia(Smbl)
66)Schombolaeliocattleya(Scl)
67)Sophrocattleya(Sc)
68)Sophrolaelia(Sl)
69)Sophrolaeliocattleya(Slc)
70)Stanfieldara(Sfdra)
71)Yamadaara(Yam)
72)Myrmecatlaelia(Mycl)
73)Nageliella(Ngl)
74)Oerstedella(Oe)
75)Otaara(Otr)
76)Potinara(Pot)
77)Rothara(Roth)
78)Iwanagaara(Iwan)
79)Kirchara(Kir)
80)Laeliocatonia(Lctna)
81)Leptotes(Lpt)
82)Lyonara(Lyon)
83)Maclemoreara(Mclmra)
84)Epiphronitis(Ephs)
85)Gerberara(Gba)
86)Hasegawaara(Hasgw)
87)Hawkinsara(Hknsa)
88)Isabelia(Isa)
89)Catcylaelia(Ctyl)
90)Cattleytonia(Ctna)
91)Catyclia(Cty)
92)Caulocattleya(Clty)
93)Cookara(Cook)
94)Diacattleya(Diaca)
95)Dialaelia(Dial)
96)Dimeranda(Dmd)
97)BRASSANTHE(Bsn)

 

source:-

1)http://nv-os.org/index.php/the-potting-bench/culture-information/cattleya-alliance
2)http://www.orchids-world.com/aaos.html
3)http://www.ravenvision.ca/site/resources/abbreviations.htm
4)http://orchidsaustralia.com.au/AOCdownloads/download_abbrevtab.pdf

Laelia rubescens

Oct 2012 082 copy

 

Laelia rubescens is a species of orchid native to Mexico and Central America.

Laelia rubescens also called as The Rosy Tinted Laelia, Amalia acuminate, Amalia peduncularis, Amalia rubescens, Bletia acuminata, Bletia peduncularis, Bletia rubescens, Bletia violacea, Cattleya acuminata, Cattleya pendicularis, Cattleya rubescens, Laelia acuminata, Laelia inconspicua, Laelia peduncularis, Laelia pubescens, Laelia rubescens f. peduncularis, Laelia violacea, is a species of the genus Laelia.
Light:
Laelia rubescens loves bright sunlight and is able to tolerate the direct morning and evening sun, however the orchid should be protected from direct sunlight otherwise the plant can get sunburn. Bright sunlight is one of the main prerequisites for the flowering of this type of orchids, and if it is insufficient, the plant will simply not bloom.

Temperature:

The most recommended temperature is: Day temperature at 21-24 ° C (maximum 32 ° C); Night temperature at 10-15 ° C; To successfully grow at home, it is necessary that the night temperature of the content is always 6 ° C lower than the daytime temperature.
Humidity:

Laelia needs relatively high humidity, not less than 60-80%. Too dry air negatively affects the growth and development of the plant: its growth is inhibited and the orchid begins to stagnate and turn yellow.
Watering:

During the period of new growth, the plant needs frequent and abundant watering. Excess water during watering should flow freely out of the pot, as the stagnation of water both inside the pot and in its pan can very quickly lead to decay of the roots and the lower part of the plant. The substrate between waterings must necessarily dry well, as the roots of the orchid are very sensitive to waterlogging. In the hot summer period, daily spraying of the outer part of the plant is recommended, this will increase the humidity around the orchid and help it to survive the heat better.
Rest period:

Immediately after flowering, Laelia rubescens undergoes a short period of rest, which is expressed by the fact that the orchid contains somewhat colder than usual, does not fertilize and rarely is watered. The ideal temperature for this period is 10-13 ° C. From watering should be discarded completely and produce it only if the pseudobulbs of the plant begin to wrinkle strongly. Growing on the blocks of orchids is recommended to spray no more than once in 10 days. With the advent of new shoots, the rest period ends: the watering of the orchid resumes in the usual volume, and the overall temperature of the contents rises.

 

reference

https://travaldo.blogspot.com/2018/05/laelia-rubescens-orchid-plant-care-and-culture.html

 

klairvoyant orchids

Vanda ‘Miss Joaquim’

VandaMissJoaquim

Also Known as
The Singapore orchid  or The Princess Aloha orchid

The national flower of Singapore and so it is often referred to as the Singapore Orchid. This extraordinary orchid is the first artificial hybrid The plants amazing vitality and hybrid nature was the reason why it was chosen to represent the multi ethnicity of Singapore.

Genus:- Papilionanthe

Hybrid parentage:- Vanda teres (Papilionanthe teres) × Vanda hookeriana (Papilionanthe hookeriana)

 

 

source

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vanda_%27Miss_Joaquim%27

 

klairvoyant Orchids

HCC/AOS, S/CSA, or FCC/RHS

img_2786

Dtps. Abed-Nego “Penny” HCC/AOS x Dtps. Little Peach

They’re abbreviations for awards. HCC/AOS means that the clone received a Highly Commended Certificate from the American Orchid Society.S/CSA means the clone received a sliver medal from the Cymbidium Society of America.FCC/RHS means the clone received a First Class Certificate from the Royal Horticultural Society (in the UK).

Every major orchid society has a judging system, and awards exceptional plants. A clone that is awarded keeps the award as part of its name forever. For example, Paph. Winston Churchill ‘Indomitable’ FCC/AOS is an awarded clone of that hybrid. Its award stays with it.

The AOS has a number of awards besides the HCC, including the FCC (same as with the RHS), the AM (Award of Merit), and others. The FCC is the highest award you can get in either the AOS or RHS system. You’ll encounter tons of awards as your orchid journey unfolds.

HCC – Highly Commended Certificate

A flower from this plant has scored 75-79 points on a scale of 100. This means that the flower is good, but there is room for improvement.

AM – Award of Merit

This means that a flower from this plant has scored from 80-89 points on a scale of 100.

FCC – First Class Certificate

A flower awarded a FCC has scored over 90 points on a scale of 100 points. It indicates an extremely high quality.

In addition, if you go to an orchid show, you will probably see many of these additional awards:

AD – Award of Distinction
This award is specifically awarded to recognize new and exciting directions for breeding.

AQ – Award of Quality
Recognizes high quality new breeding.

CBR – Certificate of Botanical Recognition
This certificate is generally awarded the first time a specific species is shown at a show hosted by the awarding board such as the AOS.

CCM – Certificate of Cultural Merit
This is a prize for the grower rather than the flower. It recognizes excellence in horticulture.

CCE – Certificate of Cultural Excellence
This is a certificate which is given only to those plants whose grower has shown an outstanding degree of horticultural care. It is given to a plant that receives more than 90 points on a 100 point scale for Cultural Merit.

CHM – Certificate of Horticultural Merit
This certificate is given for species or natural hybrids only for outstanding cultural

JC – Judges’ Commendation
This is an award that can be given at the Judge’s discretion for an exceptional plant which does not fit into any other award category. It requires a unanimous decision by all judges a t the exhibit to be awarded.

Orchid societies worldwide

  1. Australian Orchid Council (AOC),
  2. The American Orchid Society (AOS)
  3. The Coordenadoria das Associações Orquidófilas do Brasil (CAOB)
  4. The Cymbidium Society of America (CSA)
  5. The Deutsche Orchideengesellschaft in Germany (D.O.G.)
  6. The Honolulu Orchid Society (H.O.S.)
  7. The Queensland Orchid Society (Q.O.S.)
  8. The Orchid Society of New South Wales (O.S.N.S.W.)
  9. The New Zealand Orchid Society (N.Z.O.S.)
  10. The Orchid Council of New Zealand (O.C.N.Z.)
  11. The Orchid Societies Council of Victoria (O.S.C.O.V.)
  12. The Orchid Society of South-East Asia (O.S.S.E.A.)
  13. The South African Orchid Council (S.A.O.C.)
  14. The Sociedad Colombiana de Orquideología (S.C.O.)
  15. The South Florida Orchid Society (S.F.O.S.)
  16. The Taiwan Orchid Growers Association (T.O.G.A.).
  17. The Royal Horticultural Society, UK (RHS)
  18. Japanese Orchid Growers’ Association ( JOGA)
  19.  Taiwan Paphiopedilum Society (TPS)

 

Apart from the awards some have words begining of the name like -sogo gotris,
,Dtps.OX Prince. These notes the manufactures/producer of that flower

OX:-plants from OX Orchid Farm Taiwan  (ttp://www.oxorchids.com.tw/eindex.htm)
SOGO:- plants from SOGO Orchid Taiwan( http://sogoorchids.imb2b.com/introduce/)

Source

http://www.bellaonline.com/articles/art43258.asp
http://www.orchidboard.com/community/beginner-discussion/30941-hcc-aos-csa-mean.html

 

 

klairvoyant orchids

Arundina graminifolia

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Arundina graminifolia ( Bamboo Orchid  or Bird orchid )

 

Arundina graminifolia is a species of orchid and the sole accepted species of the genus Arundina.it is terrestrial orchid with reedy stems, forming large clumps growing to a height of 70 cm to 2 m. This orchid blooms in summer and autumn. plant resembles a bamboo. A very good bloomer.

Humidity

They like good humidity 70%.

Temperature

24-29 C  during the day with a drop of 6-8C at night.

Light

They like high light (2000-3000 foot candles) similar to the low end of Cattleya lighting.

Fertilizer

“weakly, weekly”. orchid fertilizers are used with mixing with water.

watering

Bamboo orchids should be watered as they approach dryness. Don’t let them dry out too  Much.

 

Klairvoyant Orchids

Masdevallia

Masdevallia orchids are commonly referred to as “Kite Orchids” because of their blooms that are almost triangular-shaped and have what looks like kite-tails coming off of each sepal.Name came after the Spanish doctor and botanist Dr. Jose MASDEVALL. The Masdevallia come from the mountain areas in South and Central America.

Flower spikes can grow to be only a few inches to more than a foot in length and each produces only one bloom. Masdevallia orchid’s blooms come in many different colors ranging from pale to almost neon as well as many different patterns such as spotted or striped.

Masdevallia kimballiana                    Masdevallia Bellavallia

 

Water Requirements

Masdevallia orchids should be watered frequently because they do not have pseudobulbs for water storage and they tend to dry out fairly quickly. You want to make sure to not let your Masdevallia orchid dry out completely but at the same time be sure not to overwater either.Recommend to cultivate them in sphagnum moss which stays humid for a long time without making the roots rot. The plants should not have wet feet. The quality of the water is very important.recommend rain water or any water that contains little amounts of salt.

Light Requirements

Masdevallias need low to medium light intensity in order to thrive. If your Masdevallia orchid is receiving too much light, it will cause the leaves to turn yellow in color, and too little light will cause the leaves to become a very dark green color and the leaves will become elongated. The best place to grow your Masdevallia orchid indoors is on a shaded windowsill, out of direct sunlight. If you only have a brightly lit windowsill, you might be best putting your Masdevallia in the middle of the room away from the bright light.

Temperature Requirements

Able to tolerate higher temperatures if the humidity evens out the heat. You can use humidity trays or spray regularly every morning and evening.

Temperature requirements for Masdevallia orchids are in the cool to intermediate range. ideal daytime temperatures to grow your Masdevallia orchid is between 16°C to 23°C and night temperatures are between 12.8°C to 15.6°C. A 10° to 15° difference between day and night temperatures is ideal, especially during the hot summer months. If your Masdevallia orchid becomes too hot, this could slow down its growth and ultimately kill your orchid.

Humidity Requirements

Masdevallia orchids require very high humidity levels. The higher the temperature is the higher the humidity should be. A level of 60-80 percent is recommended.

Fertilizer Requirements

Masdevallia orchids should be fertilized with a diluted solution once a week when the orchid is in active growth. When the orchid is not in active growth, fertilizing one time a month is sufficient.

Potting Requirements

Masdevallias should be repotted once every year or two or once the potting medium no longer drains properly or the plant outgrows its pot. You will want to repot after the orchids flowers have bloomed which is typically in the winter or early spring. Masdevallia orchids have fine roots so fine-grade potting media is recommended such as fir bark or tree fern fiber. After repotting your Masdevallia you should maintain a high humidity level in your orchids growing area and also keep the medium a little on the drier side until you see new roots beginning to form.

 

Source

http://www.orchidsmadeeasy.com/masdevallia/

 

 

 

Klairvoyant Orchids

Malleola baliensis

Malleola

Malleola is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family. It has about 30 species, native to Southeast Asia, China, New Guinea and Melanesia

Malleola baliensis

Malleola baliensis is included in the genus Malleola

Light and Temperature

particularly easy cultivation that can bloom several times during the year, requires high brightness, but not direct sun, medium-high temperatures, 22-30 ° C, and high humidity, 70-85% , with a good and constant ventilation.

Water

The watering must be regular, leaving it partially dry before giving water again,

Fertilizer

fertilizer alternated with the waterings to avoid accumulation of salts at the roots,

source

https://www.monaconatureencyclopedia.com/malleola-baliensis/

 

 

Klairvoyant Orchids